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Sports-Medicine Kalyan-Dombivali
Reactive Arthritis
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How Is Reactive Arthritis Treated?  
Tell Me More About Reactive Arthritis

Reactive arthritis is a form of arthritis that results as a "reaction" to an infection elsewhere in the body. This form of arthritis is also associated with two other symptoms:redness & inflammation of the eyes(conjunctivitis) & inflammation of the urinary tract (urethritis). These symptoms may occur alone, together or not at all. In many cases, this reaction is triggered by a venereal infections in the bladder, the urethra, or in women the vagina that is often transmitted through sexual contact. This form of the disorder is known as urogenital reactive arthritis. Another form of reactive arthritis is caused by an infection in the intestinal tract from food contaminated with bacteria. This form is known as enteric or gastrointestinal reactive arthritis.

The symptoms of reactive arthritis usually last 3 to 12 months, although symptoms can return or develop into a long-term disease in some cases.

How Is Reactive Arthritis Treated?

The doctor is likely to use one or more of the following treatment:

  1. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
  2. Corticosteroid injections: If patient does not respond to NSAIDs, in case of severe joint inflammation, injections of corticosteroid directly into the affected joint may reduce inflammation.
  3. Topical Corticosteroid: These come in a cream or lotion & can be applied directly on the skin lesions, such as ulcers, associated with reactive arthritis.
  4. Antibiotics: Antibiotics therapy may be needed upto 3 months.
  5. DMARDs: Those with progressive disease may require treatment with disease modifying antirheumatic drugs such as sulfasalazive or methotrexate.
  6. TNF Inhibitors: Etanercept & infliximab show a good response in reactive arthritis.
  7. Exercise Therapy